Cybersecurity involves protecting information and systems from major cyber threats, such as cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, and cyber espionage. In their most disruptive form, cyber threats take aim at secret, political, military, or infrastructural assets of a nation, or its people. Governments, private industries and institutions spend billions of dollars annually on cybersecurity.
Cyber Terrorism is the disruptive use of information technology by terrorist groups to further their ideological or political agenda.
Cyber Warfare involves nation-states using information technology to penetrate another nation’s networks to cause damage or disruption.
Cyber Espionage is the practice of using information technology to obtain secret information without permission from its owners or holders. Cyber espionage is most often used to gain strategic, economic, political, or military advantage.